ISSN 2219-8660
рус
eng
основан в 2003 году как печатное издание

Возрастное ограничение 16+

Версия для печати

PRAGMATIC ORGANIZATION OF
THE ORAL POPULAR SCIENCE DISCOURSE
(on the material of the English language)*

A.Yu. Baghiyan
PhD (Candidate) inPhilology,
Associate Professor at the Department of
the English Language and Professional Communication
e-mail: alexander.0506@mail.ru

A.G. Monogarova
PhD (Candidate) inPhilology,
Researcher at the Scientific and Educational Center
"Applied Linguistics, Terminology and Linguocognitive Technologies"
e-mail: alicha2002@mail.ru

Pyatigorsk State University

The article discusses some principles of strategic organization of the modern oral popular science discourse. The authors analyze variability of the discursive model under study and attempt to give a full description of its genre scheme. The main attention is paid to the analysis of the speech tactics and major communicative moves aimed at providing access to specialized knowledge to mass audiences and at structuring the oral narrative.
Key words: popular science discourse, communicative strategies, speech strategies, oral communication, pragmatic analysis of communication, science popularization.

* The publication is prepared within the project No. MK-6895.2018.6 under the grant of the President of the Russian Federation.

 

LEXICAL UNITS REPRESENTING THE IMAGE OF A MIGRANT
IN THE GERMAN MEDIA DISCOURSE
(STATISTICS, DEFINITIONS, SYNONYMY)

E.I. Bezrukova
PhD (Candidate) inPhilology,
Associate Professor at the German and French Languages Department
e-mail: besrukova@bsu.edu.ru

N.V. Zimovets
PhD (Candidate) inPhilology,
Associate Professor at the Foreign Languages Department
e-mail:zimovets@bsu.edu.ru

A.A. Kolesnikov
PhD (Candidate) inPhilology,
Associate Professor at the German and French Languages Department
e-mail:kolesnikov@bsu.edu.ru

Belgorod State National Research University

The article considers the lexical units representing the image of a migrant in the modern German media discourse and interprets their definitions. The authors provide statistical data from Duden Corpus and describe “word clouds” showing semantic distance between the words.
Keywords: political linguistics, political media discourse, image of a migrant, corpus linguistics, definition, synonymic row, statistical analysis.

 

VOCABULARY OF THE WORKS BY V. OVECHKIN:
QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS

J.V. Verevkina

Post-graduate student at the Department of the Russian Language
e-mail: zolotosony@yandex.ru

Kursk State University

The article describes the experience of compiling an individual author’s vocabulary based on the works by V. Ovechkin. The author presents the results of quantitative and qualitative analysis of the lexical units belonging to the author's idiolect.
Keywords: lexicography, quantitative analysis, coefficient of lexical diversity, frequency of lexical units.

 

PREPARATION FOR INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATION
IN TERMS OF CULTUROLOGICAL APPROACH TO
FOREIGN LANGUAGE TEACHING

M.N. Vetchinova
D.Ed., Associate Professor,
Professor at the Department of Foreign Languages and Professional Communication
e-mail: marx2003@list.ru

I.P. Krivko
 PhD (Candidate) in Philology,
Associate Professor at the Department of
Foreign Languages and Professional Communication
 e-mail: irin-krivko@yandex.ru

V.A. Shishova
Post-graduate student at the Department of
Foreign Languages and Professional Communication
e-mail: valerya.schischova@yandex.ru

Kursk State University

The article describes the culturological approach to a foreign language teaching. It represents the views of scientists on the importance of culturological approach implementation in preparing students for intercultural communication. Having observed and studied various pedagogical ideas and views, we can see the evolutionary process of its development. The influence of the culturological approach on the formation of the students' personal culture is shown in the article; the main studies on the culturological approach to foreign language teaching in the Russian science are indicated.
Keywords: intercultural communication, culturological approach, foreign language teaching, personal culture.

 

FIGURATIVE EPITHET IN THE TEXTS OF MARINA TSVETAEVA

S.A. Gubanov

PhD (Candidate) in Philology,
Associate Professor at Germanic Languages Department
e-mail: gubanov5@rambler.ru

Samara State University of Public Administration «International Market Institute»

The article examines the main regularities in the construction of a figurative epithet in the texts of the greatest poet of the twentieth century – Marina Tsvetaeva. The work emphasizes the importance of adjectival meaning representation, its compatibility with various determinants (epithets), which together form a semantic unity. The use of unusual combinations of an epithet with a defined word makes it possible to draw conclusions on the frequency and efficiency of the mechanisms of formation of figurative epithets, to indicate the anthropocentric logic of metonymic transfer of a specific name.
Keywords: epithet, Marina Tsvetaeva, semantic transformation, concept, semantics.

 

LINGUO-COGNITIVE MECHANISMS OF EPITHET FORMATION

S.A. Gubanov

PhD (Candidate) in Philology,
Associate Professor at Germanic Languages Department
e-mail: gubanov5@rambler.ru

Samara State University of Public Administration «International Market Institute»

               The article provides an overview of the main strategies of epithet description in terms of the cognitive approach. The author emphasizes the importance of cognitive analysis of attribute combinations relying on the theory of blendingThe metonymical basis of metaphorical epithets is rather important for their description; therefore many epithets are referred to as metaphtonymical. The analysis of language material is based on the texts by Marina Tsvetaeva.  The way the poet addresses the basic concepts and comprehends the reality by appealing to the person as to the basic concept allows to speak about the efficiency of the use of blended epithets.
     Keywords: epithet, metaphor, Marina Tsvetaeva, metonymy, cognitive linguistics, concept, slot, meaning, blending.

 

THE VOCABULARY OF THE OBJECTIVE WORLD
IN RUSSIAN AND FRENCH FOLK LYRICAL SONG

E.V. Gulyankov 
PhD (Candidate) in Linguistics, Docent,
Associate Professor at the Department of Theory and Practice of Journalism
e-mail: boxpostal@yandex.ru

T.I. Gulyankova
PhD (Candidate) in Linguistics, Docent,
Associate Professor at the Department of Theory and Practice of Journalism
e-mail: bonpostal@yandex.ru

Kursk State University

 The article is devoted to the problems of determining the ethnic identity of Russian and French folk songs. The problem of ethnic in the language is currently one of the most promising problems of linguistics. The number of studies in this area has increased significantly over the past decade. However, specificity can only be discussed when comparisons are made and differences are established. Contrastive studies of this kind are relatively few. Contrastive research is being actively conducted in the field of linguo-folkloristics. Common features of the European languages are the basis that allows the Russian linguo-folklore to expand the scope of its activities, the center of which is the native language, and to study from the point of view of the latter the language of folklore of other ethnic groups. The analysis of the frequency of use of token-groups "Mentifacts" in the Russian and French folk lyrical songs, their combination with other words emphasizes the similarity or dissimilarity in the objective world of folk poetry traditions of Russian and French.
Key words: language of folklore, lexeme, mentality, language picture of the world.

 

QUANTITATIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE ASSOCIATIVE ENVIRONMENT of 19 UNITS OF CORE MENTAL LEXICON

R.A. Daminova

PhD (Candidate) in Linguistics,
Associate Professor at the Department of Language Communication and Psycholinguistics
e-mail: daminowa@mail.ru    

Ufa State Aviation Technical University

The paper considers a numerical index of an individual associative field entropy that has been obtained through the quantitative analysis of the reactions and results in an associative system balance. We have also obtained a formal index of a core unit associative power which is a length of aggregative individual fields. The field length is referred to as a formal indicator of “verbal model power”. The research investigates the impact of phonosemantic characteristics on formation and operation of individual associative fields.
Keywords: mental lexicon core unit, associative chain experiment, length of individual associative field, entropy.


A LINGUOCULTURAL CONCEPT IN THE REGIONAL TEACHING THE REPRESENTATIVES OF THE GREATER ALTAI RUSSIAN AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE*

N.G. Dvoezhanova

Lecturer at the Department of Russian as a Foreign Language
e-mail: dvoezhanova@list.ru

Polzunov Altai State Technical University

The use of concepts within the linguoculturological approach in teaching the representatives of the Greater Altai Russian as a foreign language serves as the basis for solving a complex of methodical problems for a specific category of students.
Keywords: concept, linguoculturological competence, cross-cultural communication, Russian as a foreign language, Greater Altai.

* The research is carried out under the grant of Russian Humanitarian Science Foundation “Linguocultural approaches in the context of the development of cross-border cooperation of the Greater Altai” № 17-14-22001.

 

SOME TRAITS OF NEOLOGISM CONSTRUCTION
IN VIRTUAL COMMUNICATION

V.V. Denisova
 PhD (Candidate) in Philology, Docent,
Associate Professor at the Department of
Foreign Languages and Professional Communication
 e-mail: veravdenisova2016@gmail.com

A.S. Bilim
Graduate student at the Department of
Foreign Languages and Professional Communication
e-mail: alexandrrra95@hotmail.com

Kursk State University

Nowadays virtual reality and social networks are the major environments of neologisms’ functioning. The neologisms presented on Facebook in the group “The Neologism of the Year” were analyzed to define the principles of their construction and formation. Psycholinguistic approach allows to consider them as euphemistic units the meaning of which reflects current social and cultural standards of the society.
Keywords: neologism, new word, psycholinguistics, proximatics, virtual communication, social networks.

 

A FOREIGN WORD AT THE CROSSING OF BOARDERS
BETWEEN “ALIEN”, “OTHERS” AND “OWN”

N.O. Zolotova

Doctor of Philology, Docent,
Head of the Department of Language and Translation Theory
e-mail: saporovskaya@mail.ru

Tver State University

The possibility of exploring the process of foreign language acquisition in terms of the opposition “our – alien” is considered with the relying on the intercultural character of foreign language teaching communication. The ways of foreign language word acquisition viewed as transmission from the sphere “alien” to the space of “other” are being discussed. Special attention is paid to the description of assuming by an alien word the status of “our”.
Keywords: opposition “our – alien”, “otherness” concept, vital world of personality, mental lexicon, foreign word, difficulties of acquisition.

 

LINGUОSЕMIОTIC PОTENTIAL ОF TRОPЕ VОCABULARY
AS A TООL ОF SОCIAL CОNSЕNSUS

O.S. Zubkova

Doctor of Philology,Docent,
Professor at the Department of Foreign Languages and Professional Communication
e-mail: olgaz4@rambler.ru

Kursk State University

The article discussеs the communicative aspects оf trope vocabulary explication in social communication from the perspective оf the linguosemiotic approach. The conditions оf using tropes in the sеmiоtics оf social interaction are highlightеd. The author considers the inferential potential оf the phenomenon, depending оn the sign stereotyping оf objects/phenomena оf the surrounding world, its fixation as a standard manifested in speech communication and the individual's sеlf-representation.
Keywords: trope vocabulary, sеmiоtics of communication, linguosemiotic conception, metaphor, social archetypes.

 

NEW ENGLISH WORDS FROM THE SPHERE “CULTURE”
(ON THE MATERIALS OF THE E-DICTIONARY “WORD SPY”)

M.V. Izbitskaya

Lecturer at the Department of Foreign Languages and Linguistics
e-mail:maria.izbitskaya@gmail.com

Ivanovo State University of Chemistry and Technology

In the paper on the basis of the e-dictionary by P. McFedries the main word-formation peculiarities of the new English words from the sphere “Culture” for the period 2014-2018 are considered, and the most frequent models are determined and discussed. Special attention is focused on blends as the most widespread phenomenon of modern word-formation. On the basis of the study of neologisms from the sphere of “culture” a conclusion is made about the prevalence in the modern English of complex words of various types aiming at expressive and unconventional  reflection of  a new concept or at clarifying the old one.
Keywords: language dynamics, neology, lexical neologisms in the English language, models of education, registration in dictionaries.

 

EUPHEMISMS AND DYSPHEMISMS
AS WORDS WITH SIMILAR MEANINGS
(ON THE MATERIAL OF NEWS PORTALS ON THE INTERNET)

E.N. Kondratenko

PhD (Candidate) in Philology,
Associate Professor at the Department of Foreign Languages
e-mail: ekaterina-enz@yandex.ru

South-Western State University (Kursk)

The article deals with the specificity of lexical meanings proximity from the point of view of euphemistic and dysphemistic substitutions. Special attention is paid to the emotional-evaluative connotations inherent in the texts of the media. The author analyzes dysphemisms and euphemisms used in the headers of news feeds on the Internet. It is noted that the same information is transmitted in different ways in order to create certain positive or negative assessments. Using the techniques of euphemization and dysphemization in article titles is aimed at attracting attention to the publication and influencing the formation of value orientations of native speakers.
Keywords: proximity of meanings, euphemism, dysphemism, veiling, evaluation.

 

VERBAL ANGER DEMONSTRATION
IN PEDAGOGICAL DISCOURSE
IN AMERICAN AND RUSSIAN LINGUOCULTURES

L.A. Krasnova
Graduate student at the Faculty of Foreign Languages
e-mail: stragella@gmail.com

T.A. Zolotaryova
PhD (Candidate) in Philology,
Associate Professor at the English Language Department
e-mail: t.a.zolotareva@mail.ru

Ulyanovsk State Pedagogical University named after I.N. Ulyanov

The article deals with negative emotivity in the American and Russian linguocultures. It presents the specific features of anger demonstration by American and Russian teachers.
Keywords: anger, verbal communication, pedagogical discourse.

 

THEORETICAL ASPECTS OF STUDYING THE SENTENCE
IN LINGUISTIC SCIENCE AND PRACTICE

A.A. Logacheva

PhD (Candidate) in Philology,
Associate Professor at the Department of Marketing and Entrepreneurship
e-mail: logacheva-anna1980@mail.ru

Oryol State University named after I.S. Turgenev  

The main characteristics of a sentence as a syntactic unit are considered in the article, in particular, the classification of sentences accepted in linguistic science is presented, and the features of studying the sentence in the Russian language course are described. Modern scientific and methodological achievements make it possible to qualify the sentence as an ambiguous syntactic structure, the study of which requires mastering new approaches and techniques.
Keywords: syntactic science and practice, syntactic units, sentence, syncretism, isomorphism.

 

THE ETYMOLOGY AND SEMANTICS OF
MICROHYDRONYMS OF THE KURSK REGION:
MATERIALS OF AN ETYMOLOGICAL DICTIONARY

T.M. Malykhina
PhD (Candidate) in Linguistics, Docent,
Associate Professor at the Russian Language Department
e-mail: etnolingv@mail.ru

L.I. Larina
PhD (Candidate) in Linguistics, Docent,
Associate Professor at the Russian Language Department
e-mail: etnolingv@mail.ru

A.V. Kuzmina
PhD (Candidate) in Linguistics,
Senior Lecturer at the Russian Language Department
e-mail: alevtina-kuzmina@mail.ru

Kursk State University

The article deals with the construction of the vocabulary of the Etymological Dictionary of the Microhydronyms of the Kursk Region, the main purpose of which is to provide information about the etymology of the microhydronyms of not only Posemye, but also of numerous tributaries of Psel, Olym, Tim, Oskol, Kshen rivers. Some regularities are established in the nomination of hydronyms (rivers and their main tributaries) that form the landscape on the territory of Posemye. The research shows close dependence of the names of rivers on such natural conditions as flora, water condition, the quality of water and soil in it, features of the flow.
Key words: toponyms, microtoponyms, hydronyms, microhydronyms, etymology.

 

THE INFLUENCE OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE ON
THE MODERN LEXICOGRAPHY OF THE GERMAN LANGUAGE

T.S. Markova

PhD (Candidate) in Economics,
Associate Professor at the Department of Germanic and Romance Languages,
Head of the Department of Germanic and Romance Languages
e-mail: markowats@mail.ru

State University of Management

The article examines the influence of English on the structure of German dictionaries, in particular the replenishment of vocabulary due to Anglicisms, and the introduction of changes in the traditional structure of the dictionary entry of German dictionaries.
Keywords: lexicography, dictionary, microtext, structure, dictionary entry, vocabulary.

 

COMMUNICATIVE AND SPEECH PRACTICES OF
REGIONAL MEDIA: THE SOCIOLINGUISTIC ASPECT

Т.А. Pivovarchik

PhD (Candidate) in Linguistics, Docent,
Associate Professor at the Department of Journalism
e-mail: t.pivovarchik@grsu.by

The Yanka Kupala State University of Grodno

The article analyzes the specifics of communicative and speech practices of regional media and determines the factors that influence the formation of these practices. The issue of the medialect of the regional newspaper as an independent discursive and functional-style phenomenon in the system of national communicative culture is considered.
Keywords:regional newspaper, language of the media, medialect, media bilingualism, media text.

 

LANGUAGE FEATURES OF INDIVIDUAL STYLE OF THE JOURNALIST – THE AUTHOR OF THE INTERNET BLOG

R.V. Podosinnikova

PhD (Candidate) in Linguistics,
Associate Professor at the Russian Language Department
e-mail: rus.gol@mail.ru

Kursk State University

The article is devoted to the analysis of the language features of individual style of the journalist – the author of the Internet blog D. Shaykin. The choice of the author is explained by the fact that the journalist for a long time headed “MK Chernozemye” where he actively and brightly expressed the political position concerning the activities of the local government. The thematic and genre analysis of materials of the blogger allows to draw a conclusion on his aspiration to hybrid genres. Propaganda acts as an obligatory genre component in many materials. Speech intentions of the journalist (the protection of interests of the people, municipal property, culture objects) do not prevent him from commenting in bright paints on the political situation in the city, using for this purpose expressive means of the language, including nonliterary forms and rough abusive lexicon. At the same time, the works by the author are distinguished by the combination of the standardized and expressive means. The striking trait of the individual style of D. Shaykin is the expressiveness of the texts created by the frequent use of tropes and figures of speech, ways of precedence and precedence texts. For the creation of trusted relationships with his readers, the blogger actively uses factual information. The leading functional and semantic type of articles of the journalist is reasoning allowing to attract and keep as much as possible the attention of listeners.
Keywords: language features of individual style, individual style of a journalist, genre variety, discourse-forming genres, speech intentions, expressional speech units, expressiveness, structural-semantic system, syntactic structure of texts, precedence, D. Shaykin.

 

AXIOLOGICAL POTENTIAL OF THE IMAGE “CHILD” IN
THE BRITISH MEDIATEXT
(ON THE MATERIAL OF THE GUARDIAN ARTICLES
COVERING THE SITUATION IN YEMEN)

O.B. Soldatova

PhD (Candidate) in Linguistics,
Scientific Employee of the Research, Editorial and Publishing Department
e-mail: bugaeva82@mail.ru

Barnaul Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia

The article is devoted to the study of the axiological potential of the media image “child” in the texts of the British newspaper The Guardian, determined by the content of conceptual-cognitive frame “child”. Contexts of the description of martial law in Yemen are used as the empirical material. The analyzed media image causes a high axiological tension in the contexts under consideration.
Keywords: axiological potential, axiological tension, cognitive-conceptual frame, sub-frame, cluster.

 

THE ACTIVATION STRATEGIES OF
THE CULTURAL REFUSAL SCHEME
IN RUSSIAN AND AMERICAN LINGUA-CULTURAL COMMUNITIES

Е.А. Starodubtseva
PhD (Candidate) in Philology, Docent,
Associate Professor at the Department of
Foreign Languages and Professional Communication
e-mail: e.starodubtseva@mail.ru

S.S. Sotnikova
PhD (Candidate) in Philology, Docent,
Associate Professor at the Department of Theory of Speech
e-mail: svetlana-s-sotnikova@yandex.ru

Kursk State University

The article deals with the activation strategies of the cultural refusal scheme in Russian and American lingua-cultural communities. The author attempts to discribe the direct and indirect refusal strategies and find out the features (the position of the sementic formulae, the order of use and the contents of these semantic formulae) which make them different in Russian and American languacultures.
Keywords: strategy, refusal, languaculture, cultural scheme, communication.

 

COMPARATIVE-TYPOLOGICAL DESCRIPTION OF
VOICED AND UNVOICED CONSONANTS
IN THE RUSSIAN AND JAPANESE LANGUAGES

V.V. Cherepko

PhD (Candidate) in Philology,
Senior Lecturer at the Chair of the Russian Language of Medical Institute
e-mail: haul13@gmail.com

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia

The article is devoted to the results of a comparative-typological description of the voiced and unvoiced consonants of the Russian and Japanese languages. The analysis revealed that despite the apparent similarities in the inventory, and therefore, in the phonological system and articulation base of the consonants of the Russian and Japanese languages, the voicing and unvoicing in the Russian and Japanese languages are of a different nature.
Keywords: comparative and typological linguistics, Russian phonetics, Japanese phonetics, voiced and unvoiced consonants, voicing, unvoicing, rendaku.

 

MEDIA DISCOURSE EFFECTIVENESS
BY MEANS OF POWER GRADATION

I.A. Iakoba

PhD (Candidate) in Sociology,
Associate Professor at Foreign Languages Department № 1 for
Engineering Fields of Study, Institute of Linguistics and Intercultural Communication
e-mail: irina_yakoba@mail.ru

Irkutsk National Research Technical University

Effective and non-effective discourse axiometria is carried out. Models of media discourse effectiveness, communication effectiveness and social position levels correlation, attractors and discourse powers synergy are introduced. It is ascertained to what extent events media reality may be characterized and gradated according to “smart” nature of discourse powers.
Keywords: discourse effectiveness; attractor; hard, smart, soft powers.